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The Last Viceroy

Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma was the last Viceroy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plans for Independence –

The Simla Conference of May 1946 contained three representatives from the British Cabinet, and four representatives each from Congress and the Muslim League.  They discussed the following proposal;

 

Independence for India

An all India-Union responsible for defence, foreign policy and internal communication, together with powers to raise finances to fund these three elements  This would have a legislature and executive.

There would be 3 clusters of provincial governments

(A)          mainly Hindu

(B)          Mainly Muslim

(C)           Balance slightly in favour of Muslims

Each of these provincial groups would elect its own representatives who would run provincial affairs and would also elect representatives to serve on the All-India legislature

Nehru predicted this would not work.   Jinnah and the Muslim League feared what would happen to them if it did not work.  Plan rejected

 

Plan Balkan – suggested by Mountbatten in 1947

 

India and Pakistan to be created as separate states

Provinces and princely states would decide their own future.  They could either join India or Pakistan or decide to set up on their own.

This was rejected!

 

The Final Plan

India will get Independence.

A new state of Pakistan will be set up.  The Boundary Commission  is to decide where its borders should be.

The Princely States will have to join either India or Pakistan, depending on which they are nearest to.  If they are near both the relevant Prince will have to decide which is most appropriate to join

India and Pakistan will each have a Governor General and belong to the Commonwealth.

 

This is established on midnight of the 14 August 1947.

India and Pakistan are established as two independent states, within the British Commonwealth.

These were the last days of the Raj

Indian Summer: The Secret History of the End of an Empire

 

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