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Russia and the First World War

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What was the impact of War on Russia? 1914-1917

Key questions – what lead to the collapse of Tsardom?  Why did it survive in 1905 but not in 1917?

*         Military Impact

Lack of equipment

Transportation problems

Defeats and High casualty rates

Relationships between Officers and men

Competence of High Command

Low morale – leading to desertion

However not all bad – Brusilov Offensive

*         Social Problems

Shortages

Inflation

Unemployment as industry turns to wartime production

Harsh winter 1916/1917

Lack of confidence in war effort because of high casualty rate and defeats

Propaganda about Tsarina and Rasputin


Strikes and protests from Feb 1917 onwards

Army refuse to fire on protesters

*         Political Impact

Duma recalled but consulted , Tsar refused to set up coalition GVMT

Incompetence in running war, transport and supply problems in particular

Tsar leaves for Front

GVMT in hands of Rasputin and Tsarina – GVMT in permanent state of reshuffle

Increasing criticism from Duma – formation of Progressive Bloc

Failure of Tsar to respond to letters (from Rodzianko) until too late

Tsar asked to abdicate, March 1917

Petrograd Soviet and Provisional Committee in waiting

End of the Romanov Dynasty


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